Scene of the trouble, November 2002. The restaurant on the left, Harringay Cleaners and Dostlar Lokali are now the three premise which comprise Hala. (Photo from Haringey Advertiser. 13 Nov, 2002, supplied by Ian Sygrave)
Yesterday michaelw posted a photo of the Lakes ghost sign from 61 Grand Parade. I originally thought that it had been next to a social club that became infamous back in 2002. As it happens, a misidentified dry cleaners meant that in fact I was mistaken. Nonetheless, given that it reminded me that we are almost at the 20-year anniversary of some momentous events in Harringay's recent history, I'm taking the opportunity to retell the story. It was a painful episode for local communities and we've all looked the other way. Now in the twentieth anniversary year of those dark days, it is perhaps time to look back.
The story starts in the rural Lice district of south-east of Turkey, close to the Syrian border where, in the 1970s a family by the name of Baybasin began refining heroin. By the lates nineties, the family was making millions from exporting heroin to Europe. Huseyin Baybasin, known as Europe's Pablo Escobar after the late Colombian drug baron, set himself up in business in Amsterdam. His brother, Abdullah, arrived in Britain at around the same time.
Before long, Abdullah had set up shop at the Dostlar Lokali at 31 Grand Parade, one of a number of similar-looking places along Green Lanes serving the Turkish immigrant community. He and his family soon dominated UK heroin imports, which had reached between 25 and 35 tonnes each year during the late 90s.
Baybasin also recruited a gang of young thugs who would force their way into shops and small businesses armed with weapons, demanding money. They spread fear throughout the Turkish and Kurdish community. Known as the bombacilars, or bombers, they used guns, petrol bombs and machetes to enforce their control.
Baybasin was wheelchair-bound after suffering a spinal injury, reportedly from a ricocheting bullet during a shooting in the Netherlands. Locals remember seeing him in the pub at the bottom of Burgoyne Road. He would be approached like the Godfather and would extend his hand imperiously for it to be kissed.
At around the same time, the Kurdish separatist PKK group had been helping to set up a number of businesses across London and expected protection money from them. This set them on course for a clash with Baybasin's Bombacilar. At the height of the dispute with the PKK, Scotland Yard ordered armed patrols into the area.
Matters came to a head in the summer of 2002 when Baybasin started to try and take over control of the 'PKK businesses', using the Bombacalir gang. The infamous eruption of violence in the autumn of that year was said to have been triggered when a youth that had joined Bombacalir had tried to leave and was beaten up for doing so, after which he had gone to the PKK for help. On 9 November 2002, at about 4pm, hooded Bombacilar gang members attacked the Samas Abbas supermarket, assaulting the staff and trashing the premises in the process.
Friends of the store owners, who may have been PKK sympathisers, were said to have contacted each other and arranged for a retaliatory attack on the Dostlar Lokali cafe at 60 Grand Parade. About 50 people armed with knives, baseball bats and guns arrived at the cafe and started to fight the people there.
Twenty people ended up in hospital including Alisan Dogan who later died. It was said that four of the other men that were taken to the hospital were on life support and that the other 20 were those that could not crawl away. Carpenter, Dogan had been at the cafe helping to refurbish it and was said to have been an innocent bystander.
Dostlar Lokali, 31 Grand Parade, Nov 2002. Image credit: BBC
The police then set up Operation Narita, during which detectives hid a tiny video camera and a number of microphones inside the office at the rear of the Dostlar club where Abdullah ran operations. Over the following eight months, detectives gathered evidence of drug deals being discussed, guns being distributed, petrol bombs being assembled and victims being beaten. Police even watched footage of one of the bombacilars being stripped and threatened with a machete over some breach of gang discipline.
In December 2003 the police carried out a series of raids and arrested several people. In March 2006, six members of Abdullah Baybasin's gang were jailed for a total of 68 years after pleading guilty to offences involving guns, violence, extortion and blackmail. Abdullah Baybaşin was sentenced to 22 years in prison.
Wikipedia offers the following epilogue to the events in Harringay
The British Court of Appeal ordered a retrial on the drugs charge in 2010 after determining that the judge’s summing up of the evidence at the trial was unfair. At retrial on 22 October 2010, a judge at London's Woolwich Crown Court ordered the jury to find Baybasin not guilty because the lack of prosecution evidence meant a conviction would be unsupported. Judge Charles Byers said that there was no direct evidence and very little circumstantial evidence of Baybasin's involvement in a conspiracy to supply 5 lb (2.3 kg) of heroin.
The Dostlar Lokali closed in 2002. It was then empty for a couple of years before opening as a noodle bar in April 2004. That changed its name to Cheers in 2006, then to China City by 2008.
Before I finish, let me bow my head for a moment, in memory of the sad and needless death of Alisan Dogan, would this year have been celebrating his 63rd birthday. My sympathies to his wife and two children.
Disclaimer & note: I'm not an expert in this episode in Harringay's history. I've done my best to put together the story. I was living here during the events described above, but I was blissfully unaware of them until five years later. If anyone has any direct experience or knowledge, please do contribute. Following initial publication, I made a call to Ian Sygrave and asked him for his memories to add to the piece. During that conversation, we established that I had mixed up the Harringay Dry Cleaners with Zephyr Dry Cleaners further down the road. As a result, I had misidentified the address of Dostlar Lokali. So, I have made an edit to the article to correct its address from 61 to 31 Grand Parade. Thanks to Ian for his help.
Thank you Hugh, excellent piece of reporting & well put together.
I can’t believe this was 20 years ago. I was coming home from a day out that day. I had got off the tube at Manor House and walked down towards home in Pemberton Rd. However, as I got closer to my end of Green Lanes, it became clear that the high road was taped off, the road was full of police vehicles and officers were diverting pedestrians up the side Ladder roads.
Next morning the road was still closed off but I didn’t find out any details about the awful events until some days later - no Google for me in those days.
The only good thing to come from this incident was the immediate increase in police presence in the area and the gradual improvement in the shops and restaurants in GL and surrounding areas, like West Green Rd. No more dodgy shops that never seemed to have any stock because they were fronts for nefarious drug, prostitution, trafficking activities.
Fascinating Hugh, as I never knew the exact details, but yes sad times. I was away that wkend, and came home to the bloody mess, with the police knocking on my door a few days later wanting to know my alibi for that night, as it was just round the corner from my flat. And yes that police mobile, which lived outside for about 3 months, collecting evidence, and trying to infiltrate the gangs. Also the lovely shopkeeper in that local little grocery, was shot dead in Holloway, around the same time. due to mistaken identity. Hard to believe 20 years ago
I must have passed the scene by bus fairly shortly before everything happened (probably just as well), but I remember GL being closed off when I came home later the same evening. On a lighter note, I seem also to remember that, with the portakabin police “station” plonked in GL afterwards, everybody parked legally and the traffic behaviour was exemplary! The “social” clubs along the road (like those then also around Newington Green) were often said to be fronts for gambling, too, whereas these days we seem to have no shortage of licensed bookies and slot machine emporia to cater to that trade.
Google also has a link to a further report from a Turkish newspaper on what happened to Baybasin when he returned to Turkey, but unfortunately I can’t get the link to paste in here.
It was a very high profile case with people getting bumped off like in a Scorcessee picture. The MET threw lots of money and resources into the area. I remember the time and seeing police walking around with MP5 machine guns. Interesting times as long as you did not live in the neighbourhood I guess and the last time I can remember the police presence being as strong in the neighbourhood. Wether that's a good thing or not is down to you.